PROMPT is an acronym for Prompts for Restructuring Oral Muscular Phonetic Targets. It is a therapy technique used to guide the speech production capabilities of a child with childhood apraxia of speech and other speech disorders.
How does PROMPT work?
A two minute overview video and a very advanced and clinical 18 minute video produced by The PROMPT Institute explains it well, but I will try to explain it here too.
PROMPT uses specific touch pressure and kinesthetic (tactile) cues by a PROMPT trained Speech-Language Pathologist to guide the necessary movements of the articulators (lips, tongue, jaw, face) for the production of targeted words or phrases. This tactile-kinesthetic approach helps a child develop the proper control of oral muscles needed for vocalizing and also helps eliminate unwanted muscle movements, such as jaw sliding and inadequate lip rounding.
Take a moment to say the following consonants (B,H,K,T) and vowels (A,E,I,O,U) and “feel” how your jaw, lips, cheeks and tongue move to produce the sounds. In simple terms, PROMPT Therapy helps a child with a speech disorder “feel” the correct movements necessary to produce words in a fun and interactive process.
How long has PROMPT Therapy been around?
PROMPT was developed by Debrorah Hayden in the late 1970’s and has evolved ever since. In the 1980’s, research lead to the development of the first published manual on the therapy. According to the PROMPT Institute, over 1 million people have been helped with PROMPT Therapy.
How much PROMPT Therapy is recommended for positive outcomes?
All cases are different, but PROMPT Therapy works best when the child receives one to three 30 minute sessions per week (depending on the severity) with a PROMPT trained Speech-language therapist. A one to two hour evaluation will result in a clear treatment plan.
Who can benefit from PROMPT Therapy?
PROMPT is most commonly used on patients with motor speech disorders, articulation issues and non-verbal children.