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Term Definition
Facial Expressions See Kinesics
Facial Nerve See Cranial Nerve
False Fluency See Fluency
Family Focused Approach Therapy that includes training the family to extend the therapy into the home between therapy sessions.
Final Consonant Deletion Final Consonant Deletion (eliminated by 3 or 3 ½) – Final consonant deletion is a term used when the child deletes final consonants. /hou/  instead of house. (See Phonological Disorder)
Flap Consonant See Consonants
Fluency Oral language with sounds, syllables, words and phrases that flow together smoothly without hesitations or interruptions.

  • Basal – In stuttering, the length of time a stutterer can speak without stuttering.
  • False – Fluent speech of a stutterer achieved by tricks or devices like assuming the role of a character.
Link 1: The Suttering (and cluttering) Foundation
Link 2: Suttering – Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Products for SLPs and Success Stories
Link 3: Cluttering  – Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Prognosis, Products for SLPs and Success Stories
Fluency Disorder A communication disorder that is characterized by interruptions in the flow of oral language. Stuttering and Cluttering are fluency disorders. (See stuttering and cluttering for more details)
Fluent Aphasia See Aphasia
FM System Frequency modulation (FM) systems are a type of amplification device that consists of a transmitter and receiver. The speaker talks into the transmitter microphone, and the signal is sent through a special radio frequency back to the receiver, which is connected to the hearing aid(s) in the ear of the person with hearing loss. FM systems are often used in classroom settings.

See also Hearing Loss, Amplification Devices.

Formal Operational Stage See Cognitive Development
Fortis Consonant See Consonants
Free Morpheme See Morphemes
Fricatives Fricatives are consonants produced by forcing air through a narrow channel created by movement of articulators to create a friction sound. Fricatives are also called spirants. Some fricatives are voiced (vocal cords vibrate) like the /v/ in vine and some are voiceless (vocal cords do not vibrate) like the /f/ in fine.

  • Groove Fricative – a consonant formed by placing the tip of the tongue directly behind the front teeth with the blade of the tongue (the portion of the tongue just behind the tip) slightly grooved so that the breath stream can escape through the central channel. For example /s/, /z/
  • Slit Fricative – a consonant formed by forcing air through a narrow opening between the upper teeth and lower lip. For example (/f/, /v/, /θ/, /ð/)
Link 1: Wikipedia – Fricatives
Link 2: Furman College – Consonants: Fricatives – with examples of the 8 fricatives in the current English language.
Link 3: Youtube – Listen to English language fricatives.
Frontal Lisp See Lisp
Fronting Fronting is the term used when sounds that should be made at the back of the mouth, such as /g/ or /k/are substituted with a sound made in the front like /t/ or /d/. A child who is fronting might say “dee” instead of “key” or say “doh” instead of “go”. Typically eliminated by 3 or 3 ½ years. See Phonological Disorder.

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